With the increasing quality of facing bricks and the increasingly mature application of exterior wall insulation brick system technology, the construction of facing bricks has changed a lot compared with the past, but people paste the joints of exterior wall insulation system facing bricks. It also stays in the traditional method of thick and sticky joints and cement joints, and the relevant construction technical regulations lack specific detailed introduction. In this paper, we have carried out some explorations on the construction method of splicing joints for exterior wall insulation system.
New technology to achieve a variety of insulation finishes
At present, the trend of building exterior walls is to develop in the direction of external insulation. In the large-scale exterior insulation buildings that are widely used for application, there are more and more buildings that need to use tiles. Exterior insulation and pasting tiles are completely different from those used on a solid concrete base. As an accessory material for the main structure, the external wall thermal insulation facing brick system is adapted to the thermal stress changes from the various structural layers of the thermal insulation, and on the other hand, the structural materials of the
structural layers are firmly connected.
After years of engineering practice, Shenyang Sears Energy Saving Technology Development Co., Ltd. has successfully developed a series of exterior insulation technologies for pasting facing bricks from the safety of pasted facing bricks. The technology emphasizes that the main structure is integrally connected with the thermal insulation plaster layer; and the anchoring bolt, the galvanized four-corner steel mesh composite thick plastering polymer mortar and the like are firmly connected with the base layer, and the bearing is formed to have certain flexibility and resistance. Pulling strength protective bonding base layer; tile bonding mortar adopts flexible gradual design route to eliminate deformation difference between materials with different quality, hardness and thermal properties of thermal insulation layer and tile; flexible joint glue The design is equivalent to the separation of the rigid surface layer material with a certain deformation ability, so that each tile can release the temperature stress independently like the fish scale, so that the deformation stress will not be superimposed on the surrounding tiles and the paste is firm and successful. The diversification of the insulation finish layer is realized.
Although the technology has been matured and applied for many years, there are also technical specifications for the construction of related external thermal insulation facing brick systems. However, due to the lack of professional external thermal insulation construction team, the regulations do not elaborate on how to splicing bricks on external thermal insulation. Therefore, many construction sites It is still customary to operate according to the old method of traditional cement paste and cement powder splicing, which obviously cannot meet the needs of tiling on the external thermal insulation wall. The technical reason for this change is attributed to the promotion of exterior insulation technology, which has led to changes in the base layer of the tile. This article focuses on how to affix bricks on external insulation and how to sew.
Construction steps for splicing bricks on external insulation
Base treatment: the base layer is the insulation system. The crack-resistant layer of the system is constructed by two anti-cracking mortars, galvanized welded wire mesh and fixed anchors. The verticality and dimensional tolerance of the system should meet the requirements of JG144-2004. The appearance should be dry and clean, free of dust and oil. The base layer just after construction should be dried for at least two days before it can be pasted.
Hang vertical, find the rules: For high-rise buildings, use vertical theodolite to find straight lines around the big corners and door windows; for multi-storey buildings, start with a large hammer from the top, stretch 0.7mm wire vertical, then Set up punctuation to make the standard block. The horizontal line is controlled by the floor as a horizontal baseline. The vertical direction is controlled by the surrounding big angle and the Tongtianzhu and the scorpion. Lines and lines should be all bricks. Ensure that the base level is horizontal and vertical. Also pay attention to find the flow gradient of the finish, the waistline, the window sill, the awning and other finishes.
Elastic line: The width of the tile is 5~6mm. The elastic line is used to control the surface size and vertical flatness of the surface layer. After the elastic line is divided, the line and the line should be all bricks.
Arrange bricks: According to the wall sample and wall dimensions, the horizontal and vertical bricks are arranged to ensure uniform gaps of the tiles, which meet the requirements of the design drawings. The large surface and the Tongtian column, the tweezers require the bricks to be arranged, and there must be no row in the horizontal and vertical directions of the same wall. Non-whole bricks above (column), non-whole brick rows (columns) should be placed in secondary positions, such as window walls or female corners. Pay attention to the overall consistency and symmetry when arranging bricks. For special shape parts, use the whole brick set to cut and match, and do not use non-whole brick to make up the inlay. The exterior wall bricks are paved in a variety of forms: vertical, horizontal, smooth, and staggered; wide, narrow, wide, narrow, vertical and wide, and leaved.